History and curiosities about cashmere

Where does this highly sought-after fabric come from?

Cashmere is one of the most precious and noble natural fibers in the world. It takes its name from its region of origin, Kashmir, which is located between India, Pakistan, and China.

In the 13th century, the Sultan of Kashmir, Zain-ul-Abidin, summons a Turkestan weaver to his court to make him several shawls with this material. Thus was born the so-called Pashmina (from the Persian Pashm = wool) and cashmere was introduced to the court for the first time.
In Europe, this type of scarf became famous in the nineteenth century when a French general during the Egyptian campaign brought one to Paris. The discovery of this new material generates great enthusiasm among businessmen who decide to start producing the luxurious fabric in France.

Today China is the leading producer of cashmere, producing more than 10,000 tons of fabric per year.

The cashmere fibers are obtained from the wool fleece of a particular goat called “Hircus”. This type of goat lives at an average altitude of 4000 meters. To survive the large temperature changes, the Hircus goats develop a dense undercoat made up of thousands of very fine and soft fibers, hidden by the longer hair on the outside. The underfleece, also called "duvet", acts as a thermal insulator for the animals, protecting them from the succession of days and nights, of torrid summers and harsh winters, which can reach temperatures of -40 ° C.
For this reason, the quality of the fiber depends on the harshness of the climate which has led to the development of a thicker and warmer fleece.

The Hircus goat is mainly bred in Russia, Iran, Afghanistan, Turkey, and India, although the finest fleece comes from Mongolia, where 80% of the world's cashmere goat population lives.

In Mongolia, breeding has remained very artisanal and contributes significantly to the sustenance of a mainly rural population. Between 70 and 80% of the world population of Capra Hircus live in this region. In the country's outermost part, the "brown" fiber is produced, while in the south, the "white" fiber is more precious.

Cashmere wool is normally harvested in the spring when the goat begins to shed and can be done in two ways. In Mongolia, where goats are domesticated, gentle shearing is carried out with a comb that does not cause any damage to the animal. While in the Himalayas, where the goats are free, the animals are expected to rub themselves against the trees to remove the excess hair and thus collect the wool that has remained attached to them.

One goat can produce up to 100 grams of usable cashmere, which is why 2 to 6 goats are needed to create a sweater.

Cashmere is a very soft and fluffy material in contact with the skin, moreover, it is suitable for both winter and summer thanks to a particular air chamber structure that is inside which favors thermal insulation of the fibers, maintaining a constant temperature of the wearer.

Because of the preciousness of this material, Orequo has chosen to create double-layered stoles:
on the one hand, pure cashmere gives softness and protection from the cold, on the other, pure silk gives more brightness to the colors of the printed illustrations.

This combination of noble materials gives life to a unique and elegant object, suitable for every situation and created by Orequo to make every woman feel special.

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